The first logical solution for tight and weak muscles should be to stretch more or do more specific exercises, right? Not so fast.
To force a body part to move into a place that it doesn’t want to go is dangerous and rudimentary. Strengthening part of the body that is weak has better results, but will plateau quickly if the root of the problem is not addressed. And while getting stronger and doing things like yoga are fantastic for your body, they will not fix chronic problems. Here are the 3 main reasons for “tight and weak:”
1) Adhesion is the most common cause for your body feeling tight, stiff, weak, and painful. . Adhesion acts like glue around the surrounding tissues, nerves and joints.
Repetitive motions and poor postures can lead to adhesion formation as much as playing a sport. Your body was not meant to sit typing at a desk or doing the same repetitive motion in a factory 40+ hours/week. Problems also arise from doing the same sport or training all the time. Variety is best, and if a problem does arise it’s best to take care of it early before irreversible damage takes place.
2) Protective tension is another reason muscles and joints can feel tight. If your body is already damaged or thinks it may become hurt, it tells your muscles to stop the motion. This is a normal response and is hardwired into your brain. When you hurt your lower back, your body makes it difficult to bend because not bending is the safest thing it can do.
3) Lastly, pain is another reason for chronic stiffness and tightness. This is a similar concept to protective tension, but usually happens later because earlier signs and symptoms have been misdiagnosed or ignored. Masking the pain with NSAIDS, OTCs, and injections is dangerous and can potentially cause more damage down the road. Don’t mask the pain and treat the symptoms. Let’s fix the problem.